Weekly Report Brief Sudan: Search for peace in multiple paths
Two important news were in Khartoum’s press last week: the first was about the collapse of negotiation between the delegation of the Government of Sudan (GoS) and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/ North (SPLM /N) delegation, in Addis Ababa- Ethiopia, while the second news, tacklesthe continuous reactions of the Sudanese officials over the rape of 200 women and girls at Tabit village, southwest of El Fasher- Darfur. Breakdown of the seventh round of negotiationsbetween the dispute parties, was expected in the light of the different positions over a common agenda. The African mediation and head of the African Union High- level Implementation Panel AUHIP, Thabo Mbeki, was forced to adjourn the negotiations, to give the concerned parties time for further consultations over the draft of terms of negotiation relating to cessation of hostilities and access of humanitarian aid to affected citizens in the states of Blue Nile and South Kordofan, as well as to prepare for the national dialogue via inclusive meeting for all political forces in Addis Ababa, according to the road map stepsin Resolution No. 456,by the African Union- peace and Security Council on comprehensive solution for Sudan’s crises. SPLM/N believes that the roadmap set by the African Peace and Security Council to negotiate with GoS, has addressed the root of the crisis in Sudan and responded to their demands for a comprehensive solution, as well as ithad gathered the Sudanese parties in one platform with two negotiation paths, the first path relates to the regions of South Kordofan and Blue Nile, while the other focuses on Darfur.Althoughthe head of the Sudan Liberation Movement Abdel Wahid Mohamed Nour,refused to conduct any dialogue or negotiation with Khartoum, further the armed movements from Darfur which have accepted to take part,refused to adopt Doha document as negotiating reference. This negotiation occurred due to the efforts exerted by’Paris Declaration’ forces, which includes the National Umma Party and the Sudanese Revolutionary Front.These efforts convinced the African mediation to search for a comprehensive solution and prompted the Peace and Security Council of the African Union to issue its Resolution No. 456, which has included ‘Paris Declaration’ articles. But GoS seemsto be in trouble when it has approved the road mapand refused to include ‘Paris Declaration’ in the negotiatingdraft,reiterating that the agenda with the SPLM/ North, will only be about the two areas, typical to the UN Security Council resolution No. 2046,in 2011. However, the roadmap by the African Union,is one forum, with two paths, aiming to reach a comprehensive agreement to end the war in the two areas and Darfur, and to gather the opposition and the civil society in one forum with the government of Sudan, in order to address the crisis in Sudan, as presidentThabo Mbeki emphasized. The second newswere about the rape of 200 girls and women, in the village of Tabit, by the elements of Sudanese army and the reactions ofthe government to deny that incident. GoSaccuses’Radio Dabanga’ and activists of ‘fabrications’ against the Sudanese army. GoS firstly, rejectedaccess of the joint mission of the United Nations and the African Union peacekeeping mission in Darfur “UNAMID” to Tabit village, then allowed access accompanied by Sudanese security elements, the matter which prevented the victims from delivering the required information, due to fear from the security authorities. GoS also believes that “UNAMID” does not do its job, and it has become a burden on the government, which is responsible for its protection and the protection of its members, according to GoS official “the money spent money on UNAMID in Darfur, if ever being spent on reconstruction and development projects in Darfur would turn that area into a developedone”as GoS official ‘Al-Azrag’ said. It is true that the absence of justice and failure to protect the victims, impunity of the perpetrators and politicization of the Sudanese judiciary, constantly puts GoS in a defensive position and give the international community the right justification to intervene in Sudan’s affairs.